The biography of Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (1793 - 1865)

Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (1793 - 1865) was one of the leading Austrian painters of the Biedermeier period and a writer. In 1823 he made a painting of Ludwig van Beethoven.

Waldmuller was born January 15th 1793 in Vienna.

He briefly attended the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, however later had to finance his life by painting portraits. He lived in Bratislava, and then in 1811 he got a job as a teacher of arts for the children of Count Gyulay in Croatia. After three years he returned to Vienna and started to improve his skills by copying the works of old masters, and painted portraits, genre subjects, and still-life, but is perhaps best known for his landscapes paintings, which in their loving attention to detail illustrate his belief that the close study of nature should be the basis of painting.

He was professor at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. However, his views were in opposition to the official doctrines of ideal art promulgated by the Vienna Academy, and after he had published his works on art education, he was forced to retire in 1857. He was rehabilitated in 1863.

He became the most significant representative of Biedermeier: he was second to none in depicting nature in delicate colours. His many genre-pictures are also significant. Waldmüller later became interested in nature and thus started painting landscapes. His most notable work lies in the depiction of nature, where his sense for colours and large knowledge of nature helped him to achieve masterly skills.

Waldmuller died in August 23rd 1865 in Hinterbrühl, Austria.